Ericeira Coast

Looking for Europe’s best waves? In our Ultimate Portugal Surf Guide we’ve got the low-down on where and when you can find them. Not including its islands, Portugal boasts 943 kilometres (586 miles) of coastline, which is dotted with countless incredible surf breaks. 

Portugal’s most famous surf spots are located in 3 main places: Ericeira, Peniche and the Lisbon coast. However, we shouldn’t ignore the Algarve, Alentejo and Porto, which are also home to some serious waves, as are the Azores islands and the Madeira archipelago. The entire continental coast of Portugal is well respected for its year-round consistency and will not disappoint even the most discerning and jaded of surfers.

Brief History of Surfing in Portugal

Portugal’s first national surfing competition was held at Ribeira d’Ilhas in Ericeira in 1977. While that might sound very recent, consider that we are talking about European surfing and specifically a country that was under a somewhat isolated dictatorship until 1974. Portugal really began to put itself firmly on the international surfing map during the 1990s when the sport exploded in the country.

Ericeira Surfers
Ericeira Surfers

The surfing seasons in Portugal

You’ll see people surfing Portugal year round, even during the more crowded summer months when it seems like entire country, along with many foreign visitors, comes to fill the its many beautiful beaches. However, the waves are better outside of summer even if the weather can get a bit too cool for casual swimmers and sunbathers.

Which is the best season for beginner surfers?

For beginner surfers the best time of the year to go is summer. This is when the swells are less frequent and the waves are smaller. Summer waves average around 1 – 1.5 meters (3 – 5 feet) with notable exceptions like Nazaré’s Praia do Norte, site of many big wave surfing world records. In June – August the most popular surf spots might get very crowded, especially on the central coast and on the beaches near the capital.

What’s the best time of the year for expert surfers?

For experienced surfers the best time of year for surfing in Portugal is late winter to early spring, especially between September and April. During these months swells are definitely more powerful, producing heavy waves measuring around 2– 4.5 meters (6 – 15 feet) that are better left to advanced surfers.

Where to surf in Portugal

The Portuguese coast can be divided into 7 surfing regions:

1. Costa Verde or “Green Coast”

This is Portugal’s northern coast, associated with the country’s second largest city, Porto (Oporto). It is immediately north of the Costa de Prata and reaches all the way to the Spanish region of Galicia. Surfing around Porto may take place in colder waters, but it is not lacking good waves. Notable spots include Aguçadoura, Cabeldo Beach near Viana do Castelo, Azurara near Vila do Conde, Espinho, and Matosinhos (accessible via Porto’s metro system).

2. The Costa de Prata or “Silver Coast”

This extensive stretch of coastline begins north of Ericeira and continues all the way up to the south of Porto at Esmoriz. Notable surf spots in this central coastal region of Portugal include big wave capital Praia do Norte in Nazaré; the legendary Supertubos in Peniche (home of the Moche Rip Curl Pro Portugal); Cortegaça, with its consistent surf and night surfing festival; and the numerous spots around Figueira do Foz and Aveiro.

3. Ericeira

Simply put, surfing Portugal = surfing Ericeira. This is Portugal’s — and arguably Europe’s — surfing capital, so anyone on a surf holiday in the country would be crazy to skip Ericeira!

Ericeira local. Pic: Roman Königshofer (Flickr CC)
Ericeira local. Pic: Roman Königshofer (Flickr CC)

At 8 kilometres (5 miles), the smallest surfing region in Portugal is Ericeira, but it is also the one with the highest number of world-class surf spots. Ericeira boasts 9 spots that are famous throughout the global surfing community plus several other notable breaks.

Besides being Europe’s only dedicated World Surfing Reserve, Ericeira also hosts the ASP World Tour Surf Championship at the legendary Ribeira d’Ilhas beach, known for its near perfect barrels. Experienced, expert and pro-level surfers will also fall in love with Coxos, Cave and São Lourenço, while beginners and the less experienced can learn to surf and sharpen their skills at Foz do Lizandro, São Julião and Praia do Sul.

4. Lisbon Coast

Only around 50 kilometres (30 miles) south of Ericeira’s incredible surf spots is the Portuguese capital, one of Europe’s thriving cultural centres. Lisbon itself is not to miss, while the Lisbon coast is well worth a visit for its excellent surfing, especially if you’re already in Ericeira. The Lisbon area offers excellent surf all year long. Highlights include great breaks at Estoril, Carcavelos, Praia do Guincho, Praia Grande in Sintra and Praia das Maçás. For smaller crowds and nice beach breaks, head over the Tagus River to the district of Setúbal to surf the Lisbon area’s west coast, particularly the Costa da Caparica.

surfing portugal
Tough competition at Guincho, Lisbon Coast. Pic: Gustavo Veríssimo (Flickr CC)

5. Alentejo Coast

Much of Portugal’s coastline is reminiscent of the California coast. But none more so than the Alentejo region, which can resemble the quieter spots of the SoCal surf scene. South of the Lisbon region and north of the Algarve tourism hub. Alentejo is well known for its excellent wines, delicious cuisine and idyllic natural features. There are many great spots along the Vicentine Coast Natural Park, which is located in both Alentejo and the Algarve. Highlights in the Alentejo section include Odeceixe, Zambujeira do Mar, São Torpes, Arrifana and Vila Nova de Milfontes.

6. Algarve Coast

Famous as a tourist paradise for Northern Europeans as well as for portuguese, the southernmost region of Algarve may not be as famous for surfing as, for example, Ericeira. However, there is some very good surfing to be had! If you like your sun brighter and your water a bit warmer, Algarve is worth a shot. Especially on the west coast, which gets north-westerly swells. The south coast can also get nice waves in the winter. Which is the best time to avoid the huge summer crowds anyway. Choose from over 50 surf spots in this unique and beautiful holiday mecca. For beach breaks and medium southerly swells, try Sagres, which is also home to the most south-westerly point in continental Europe; and Lagos, a nice-sized city with plenty to do besides surf. The Algarve’s west coast waves include nice beach towns such as Arifana, Tavira, Monte Clergio and Carrapateira.

surfing portugal
Surfing the Algarve. Pic: Tiago J. G. Fernandes (Flickr CC)

7. The Islands: Azores and Madeira

Though both figuratively and literally off the beaten path, the Azores islands and Madeira archipelago offer unique experiences. Also for travel destinations besides places to surf.

Around 1,360 kilometres (850 miles) west of continental Portugal, the Autonomous Region of the Azores is made up of 9 islands. Each island with its own character. The island of Terceira boasts a cluster of surf spots on its east. The northeast coasts (São Miguel) features what are the archipelago’s most well-known breaks: powerful and consistent Ribeira Grande and Rabo de Peixe. They are both on the island’s north coast. Crowds are small and the surfing can get big and dangerous, especially in the winter, so take care!

surfing portugal
Madeira. Pic: Stefanie Kurtz (Flickr CC)

Situated in the North Atlantic Ocean some 950 kilometres (600 miles) from mainland Portugal, there is Madeira. An Autonomous Region that contains two populated islands: the main island of Madeira and Porto Santo. Most surfing takes place on the main island, with the most famous spot being the barrelling Paul do Mar.

This island has played host to the ISA World Championships and big wave surfing competitions. Other spots include the expert-level Jardim do Mar, Lugar de Baixo and Ponta Pequena. For beginners and intermediates there is the calmer São Vicente, located on the north coast.

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Portugal is well connected with regional rail and bus lines. Greater Lisbon and Porto have modern and efficient systems of trains, buses and metro lines.